上海快3

“双培”行动助推脱贫攻坚—— 访贵州省民族宗教事务委员会主任石松江
来源:中国民族报 王辉 发布日期:2020-01-04浏览()人次 投稿收藏

 
  【开栏的话】

  习近平总书记指出:“全面实现小康,少数民族一个都不能少,一个都不能掉队。”贵州是少数民族聚居省份,有17个世居少数民族,少数民族人口占全省总人口的36.1%。2020年是我国全面建成小康社会决胜之年。党的十八大以来,贵州民族团结进步以及脱贫攻坚事业取得了显著成绩,为全面建成小康社会打下了坚实基础。从本期起,本报开设“民族团结进步在贵州”栏目,报道贵州民族团结进步工作的实践与经验。

 

  2018NIAN3YUE,GUIZHOUSHENGQIDONGMIANXIANGBUDONGGUOJIATONGYONGYUYANDESHAOSHUMINZUQUNZHONGKAIZHANGUOJIATONGYONGYUYANHESHIYONGJINENGPEIXUNDE“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONG。“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGKAIZHANJINLIANGNIANLAI,YOUXIAOZHUTUILEGUIZHOUSHENGDETUOPINGONGJIANGONGZUO。RIQIAN,BENBAOJIZHEJIU“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGKAIZHANQINGKUANGCAIFANGLEGUIZHOUSHENGMINZUZONGJIAOSHIWUWEIYUANHUIZHURENSHISONGJIANG。

  记者:请您简单介绍一下贵州省开展“双培”行动的背景。

  石松江:上海快3贵州是一个多民族共居的省份,56个民族成分齐全。近年来,特别是党的十八大以来,在贵州省委、省政府的坚强领导下,全省民族团结进步事业取得了显著成绩。但是,目前尚有一定数量的少数民族群众存在国家通用语言障碍,语言交流困难是这些群众难以摆脱贫困的重要因素之一。

上海快3  WOMENZAISHENRUDIAOYANHOUFAXIAN,BANGZHUSHAOSHUMINZUQUNZHONGXUEXIGUOJIATONGYONGYUYAN,KEYITIGAOTAMENLEJIEHEZHANGWODANGHEGUOJIAFANGZHENZHENGCE、FALVFAGUIHEXIANDAISHENGCHANSHENGHUOFANGSHIDENENGLIHESHUIPING,YOUZHUYUTAMENZHUANBIANSIXIANG、ZHANGWOSHICHANGXINXIHEJISHU、ZENGQIANGTAMENTUOPINDENEISHENGDONGLIHEZIWOFAZHANNENGLI,ZHULISHAOSHUMINZUHEMINZUDIQUYUQUANSHENGYIDAOQUANMIANSHIXIANXIAOKANGSHEHUI。

  记者:“双培”行动的开展有哪些保障措施?

  石松江上海快3:首先,这一行动得到贵州省委、省政府的充分肯定。2018年6月,“实施少数民族群众国家通用语和实用技能培训行动计划”被写入贵州省委十二届三次全会通过的《关于深入实施打赢脱贫攻坚战三年行动发起总攻夺取全胜的决定》,随后形成7个部门共同发力开展“双培”行动的良好局面。

  QICI,ZI“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGQIDONGYILAI,GUIZHOUSHENGMINZONGWEIRENZHENJIANXING“WUBUGONGZUOFA”,ZAIJUTILUOSHIZHONG,ZHELI“SANZHONGLIANGFU”,JINJINWEIRAONONGCUNCHANYEGEMING“BAYAOSU”KAIZHANPEIXUN,ZHELIJIAQIANG“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGGANBUDUIWUNENGLISUZHIJIANSHE。JINLIANGNIANLAI,SHENGJICENGMIANGONGZUZHIJUBANLE9QI500DUORENCIDEPEIXUNBAN,PEIXUNDUIXIANGSHEJIGUANLIRENYUAN、YEWUGUGAN、SHOUKEJIAOSHIDENG,GESHIZHOU、XIAN(SHI、QU)YEGENJINJUBANLE10DUOQIPEIXUNBAN,TISHENGLE“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGGANBUDUIWUDEYEWUNENGLIHESUZHI,BAOZHANGLEQUANSHENG“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGDESHUNLIKAIZHAN。

  记者:能解释一下“三重两扶”的具体内容吗?

  石松江:第一是重补位,着眼全省脱贫攻坚大局调整工作重心。2018年,结合少数民族贫困群众缺乏脱贫技能的实际情况,我们将“双培”行动工作重心落在农村实用技能培训上,根据当地产业发展需求和群众意愿,重点组织开展了刺绣、厨艺、种植养殖业等培训。2019年,针对部分边远地区少数民族群众在国家通用语交流、感恩意识、励志脱贫、移风易俗等方面存在的突出问题,及时将“双培”行动工作重心转移到国家通用语培训上,并将感恩意识、励志脱贫、移风易俗等融入国家通用语培训中。

上海快3  ERSHIZHONGSHIJI,ZUNXUNKEGUANGUILVZHIDINGDUANQIRENWUYUZHANGYUANMUBIAO。WOMENZHIDINGLEDUANQIRENWUYUZHANGYUANMUBIAO:YIFANGMIAN,BASUOYOUCANJIAPEIXUNDESHAOSHUMINZUQUNZHONGBIXUSHULIANZHANGWOYIDINGLIANGJINGLIANSHIYONGDEGUOJIATONGYONGYUYANWENZIZUOWEIMEIQIPEIXUNBANDEYINGXINGRENWU,LIANGHUAPEIXUNDECHENGXIAOKAOHEBIAOZHUN;LINGYIFANGMIAN,JIXUBAJIBENJIEJUEYUYANZHANGAIZUOWEI“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGDEZHANGYUANZHANLVEMUBIAO,JIANG“XIAOSHOUQIANDASHOU,WOJIAOMAMAXUEPUTONGHUA”、MINHANSHUANGYUZHIYUANFUWUDENGHOUQIFUZHUCUOSHINARU“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGDEGONGZUOYAOQIU,BINGPEITAOYIDINGDEXUEXIHEJIEDUIPEIXUNJILICUOSHI,YIQIJIUJIUWEIGONG,ZUIZHONGCHEDIJIEJUESHAOSHUMINZUQUNZHONGDEYUYANZHANGAIWENTI。

  SANSHIZHONGYINDAO,YIXIWENLEJIANFANGSHIKAIZHANPEIXUN。ZAI“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGZHONGDALIKAIZHANYI“WOHEWODEZUGUO”WEIZHUTI,TONGGUOZUZHISHAOSHUMINZUQUNZHONGTANFAZHANBIANHUA、JIAOCHANGMINHANSHUANGYUBAN“HONGSEGEQU”DENGFANGSHI,YINDAOSHAOSHUMINZUPINKUNQUNZHONGZAIJIANGSHUFAZHANBIANHUA、CHANGTANTIHUIZHONGZHULAOGANENYISHI,ZENGQIANGTUOPINZHIFUDEXINXIN,JIFAGANENFENJINHUOLI。

  SISHIFUZHIQI,LIZUMINZUYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUAQIANGHUALIZHIPEIXUN。YIFANGMIAN,JIANGSHAOSHUMINZUYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUAZHONGCUIRENFENJIN、CHONGMANZHENGNENGLIANGDEYANYU、GUSHI、GEYAODENGBIANYINWEIPEIXUNJIAOCAIMIANFEIFAFANGSHIYONG;LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZAI“SHUANGPEI”ZHONGRONGRU“FUZHI”JIAOYU,YISHENBIANRENJIANGSHENBIANSHIDENGFANGSHI,SHULI“QINLAOZHIFU”DEZHENGQUEDAOXIANG,ZHELIZHUANBIANBUFENQUNZHONG“DENGKAOYAO”SIXIANG,SHIQIDONGDEGANEN、LIZHITUOPIN。

  WUSHIFUZHENGQI,JINGENSHIDAIFENGSHANGJIAQIANGYIFENGYISUPEIXUN。2019NIANXIABANNIANKAISHI,ZAI“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGZHONGJIAQIANGYI“JIANGWENMING、SHUXINFENG”WEIZHUTI,YIXUANJIANG“HUNYINFA”、XINSHIDAIWENMINGFENGSHANGDENGNEIRONGDEYIFENGYISUPEIXUN,JIJIYINDAOCUNMINZHIDINGFUHESHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANDECUNGUIMINYUE,YICUNGUIMINYUEEZHICHENGUILOUXI、SHULIWENMINGXINFENG、HONGYANGZHENGNENGLIANG。

  记者:“双培”行动开展以来,取得了哪些成效?

  石松江:“双培”行动开展近两年来,省级层面先后投入资金6000多万元,在全省9个市州、57个县(市、区)举办各类培训班6000多场次,集中培训了30多万少数民族群众,有效助推了全省脱贫攻坚的工作大局。对少数民族群众而言,成效主要体现在4个方面:国家通用语使用能力提高了,各族群众交往交流交融加强了;实用技能掌握了,脱贫致富的门路拓宽了;脱贫攻坚、决胜同步小康的志气增长了;感恩奋进、中华民族共同体意识更牢了。

  ZAITIGAOSHIYONGJINENG、TUOKUANZHIFUMENLUFANGMIAN,YOUHENDUOSHENGDONGANLI。BIRU,QIANXINANBUYIZUMIAOZUZIZHIZHOUXINGYISHISANJIANGKOUZHENANSHACUNBUYIZUFUNVLIUGUANGFEN,TONGGUO“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGDECIXIUPEIXUN,ZAIMUJIAWULIUCHENGANZHIQUYIJIAZHIYIDIANJIUYE,MEIYUEGONGZI2000DUOYUAN。TASHIXIANLEZAIJIAMENKOUJIUYE,TONGSHIHAINENGZHAOGUJIATING、HAIZI,GANSHOUDAOLE“XINGFUGANHEHUODEGAN”。QIANDONGNANMIAOZUDONGZUZIZHIZHOUCONGJIANGXIANBINGMEIZHENDADONGCUNDEMIAOZUFUNVYUZHONGHUI,YESHITONGGUO“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGDECIXIUPEIXUNBEIYIJIAGONGSIXUANZHONG。

  JUBUWANQUANTONGJI,JIEZHI2019NIAN11YUE,CANJIA“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGPEIXUNDEJIANDANGLIKAPINKUNHUYOU36831REN,TONGGUO“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGSHIXIANJIUYEDEYOU11317REN,SHIXIANCHUANGYEDEYOU922REN,CANJIAPEIXUNHOUTUOPINDEYOU21196REN。

  “SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGDEKAIZHAN,ZAIZHULAOZHONGHUAMINZUGONGTONGTIYISHIFANGMIANYEQUDELEXIANZHUXIAOGUO。BIRU,BIJIESHIHEZHANGXIANKELEXIANGXINMINCUNSHANJIAOZUDEMIAOZUQUNZHONG,ZAI“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGPEIXUNQIJIANZHUDONGJUANZIJUANWU,YIWUYONGCHEJIESONGCANJIAPEIXUNRENYUAN;LIWENHUIDENGMIAOZUQUNZHONGHAIZHUDONGLIANXI“SHUANGPEI”LAOSHI,YAOQIUBAGEQU《MEIYOUGONGCHANDANGJIUMEIYOUXINZHONGGUO》FANYIWEIMIAOHANSHUANGYUBANZAIPEIXUNQIJIANJIAOCHANG。YOUBIRU,QIANXINANZHOUCEHENGXIANMINZONGJUNVGANBUDENGCHUNJIE,ZI“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGKAIZHANYILAI,YIZHIJIANCHIZOUCUNCHUANHU,CAIQUZUZHIQUNZHONGZHAOKAIYUANBAHUI、DAOSHAOSHUMINZUPINKUNHUJIALAJIACHANG、ZAITIANJIANDITOUKAIZHANSHIYONGJINENGPEIXUNDENGXINGSHI,NULIBANGZHUSHAOSHUMINZUPINKUNQUNZHONGJIEJUESHIJIKUNNAN,DEDAOLEDANGDISHAOSHUMINZUQUNZHONGDEYIZHIHAOPING,YONGSHIJIXINGDONGCUJINLEMINZUTUANJIE。

  记者:“双培”行动在开展过程中,存在哪些困难?今后还有哪些打算?

  石松江上海快3:从推进情况看,“双培”行动主要存在两个方面的困难:一是人员组织难;二是国家通用语培训见效缓慢。

  YOUYUCUNZAIYUYANZHANGAIDESHAOSHUMINZUQUNZHONGWENHUACHENGDUDI,DUIXUEXIHANYUDERENSHIBUGAO,WEINANQINGXUJIAODA。TONGSHI,YOUYUZHONGQINGNIANDALIANGWAICHUWUGONG,NONGCUNLIUSHOUDEZHIYOUYIXIELAORUOQUNTI,DADUOZAIGEGECUNZHAILINGSANFENBU,ZHUGECUNZHAIBANPEIXUNBANRENSHUTAISHAO、XIAOLVJIAODI,JIZHONGPEIXUNLAOBAIXINGYOUXIANLUYUANZHAOGUBULEJIALIERBUYUANYICANJIA,ZAIJIASHANGYUYANXUEXIYOUQIGUILVXING,JIANXIAOJIUGENGJIAHUANMAN。

  ZHENDUIZHEIXIEWENTI,JINHOUWOMENJIANGZHELIJIAQIANGLIANGGEFANGMIANDEGONGZUO:YISHIZAIYANGEKAOHEDEJICHUSHANG,ZHUBUJIANLIXUEXIPEIXUNJILIJIZHI。WOMENJIANGDUIXUEXICHENGXIAO、JIEDUIPEIXUNCHENGXIAODENGJINXINGYANGEKAOHE,BINGZAICIJICHUSHANGZHUBUTANSUOJIANLIHANGAICANPEIQUNZHONGHEJIEDUIPEIXUNRENYUANDEJILIJIZHI,ZUIDAXIANDUDIAODONGGUANGDAGANBUQUNZHONGCANYU“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGDEJIJIXINGHEZHUDONGXING,ZHELITISHENGGUOJIATONGYONGYUPEIXUNCHENGXIAO。ERSHIJIANCHIDUOCUOBINGJU、DUANQIRENWUYUZHANGYUANMUBIAOXIANGJIEHE。YIFANGMIAN,TONGGUOJIZHONGPEIXUN、“XIAOSHOUQIANDASHOU,WOJIAOMAMAXUEPUTONGHUA”、MINHANSHUANGYUGUANGBO、JIEDUIPEIXUNDENGCUOSHIZONGHESHICE,QUANFANGWEIZHELI;LINGYIFANGMIAN,JIANGGUOJIATONGYONGYUPEIXUNDEDUANQIRENWUYUZHANGYUANMUBIAOXIANGJIEHE,FENJIEDUANGUIHUA、FENCENGCIYANSHOU,JINYIBUJIAQIANG“SHUANGPEI”XINGDONGDEZHENDUIXINGHESHIXIAOXING,WUQIUZUODAO“PEIXUNYIPI、JINBUYIPI、DAIDONGYIPIAN”。

(编辑:程艳

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