上海快3

唐代写本书手及其书写价值——以敦煌唐代写本书迹为例
来源:《光明日报》 周侃 发布日期:2020-01-04浏览()人次 投稿收藏

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上海快3  TANGDAIGUANFUSHUSHOUSHEZHIBISUICHAOGENGJIAQIQUAN,YOU“KAISHU”“KAISHUSHOU”“YUSHUSHOU”“XIEGUOSHIKAISHU”“QUNSHUSHOU”“LINGSHISHUSHOU”“SHUZHI”DENGDUOZHONGCHENGWEI。MENXIASHENG、ZHONGSHUSHENGSHUSHOUCHENG“KAISHU”SHIDUOCONGSHIGONGWENDECHAOXIE,ERCONGSHITUSHUJINGJICHAOXIEDEZECHENGWEI“QUNSHUSHOU”。MISHUSHENG“KAISHUSHOU”“KAISHULINGSHI”ZEFUZEJINGJITUSHUDECHAOXIE、XIAOKAN;ZHUZUOJU“KAISHUSHOU”ZHUYAOZHUANXIEBEIZHI、JIWEN、ZHUWENDENG。ER“NENGSHU”“SHUZHI”SHIQIZHONGBIJIAOTESHUDEYILEI。《TANGLIUDIAN·SHANGSHULIBU》ZAIMENXIASHENGSHENENGSHUZHI,YIZAISHIGUOJIADASHIJIDEZHICHIYOUSHUFAYOUXIUDENENGSHUFUZE。LINGJIXIANDIANSHUYUANYOUSHUZHIJIXIEYUSHUYIBAIREN,SHUZHIYOUQIANZI、CHANGXUAN、SANWEI、SANGUANYIJIWUPINYISHANGZISUN“GEYOUNIANXIAN,YIZIZHENXU”CHONGDANG。《TANGGURUZHOULUSHANXIANCHENGSIMAFUJUNMUZHIMINGBINGXU》MOTI“WENLINLANGQIANHENGWANGFUCANJUNZHIJIXIANYUANZHANGWENZHESHU”,ZHANGWENZHEYIWENLINLANG(SANGUANCONGJIUPINSHANG)、QIANHENGWANGFUCANJUNDESHENFENRUZHIJIXIANYUAN,YU《TANGLIUDIAN》JUANJIUSUOYUN“ZHI(KAIYUAN)SHIJIUNIANCHIYOUGUANWEIZHIYUANYE”ZHENGHAOWENHE。

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  TANGXIEBENSHUFAYU“ERWANG”XITONGYIMAIXIANGCHENG,DADOUYIYUSHINAN、CHUSUILIANGYIJIYANZHENQINGWEIFANBEN,SANJIAZHIZHONGCHUZIDEYINGXIANGZUIGUANGZUIJIU。OUYANGXUNSUIWEI“CHUTANGSIJIA”ZHIYI,DANOUTIFENGGEZAIGUANFANGXIEJINGLIJIHUBUJIAN,FANERDUOJIANYUMINJIANWENXUEXIEJINGJIQITASHIYONGWENSHUZHONG。SHANGSHUSHUFAMIANMAOYUDANGSHIDEZHENGZHIBEIJINGHEYIWENFENGSHANGMIQIEXIANGGUAN。“NANCHAOHUA”ZAOYIBEISHIWEITANGDAILISHIYANJINZHONGPUBIANXINGDEFAZHANQUSHI,KEYISHUOSHANGZHITANGDAIDIWANGWEIDAIBIAODEGUANLONGGUIZU,XIAZHIPUTONGSHUSHOUDESHUFASHENMEI、SHUFASHIJIAN,YIDUNHUANGXIEBENWEIMEIJIEQUANMIANZHANXIANLESHIYUBEICHAOBINGYANXUZHISUITANGDEWENHUAYISHULINGYUNEIDENANCHAOHUAQINGXIANG。CONGGUIZHENGCHUNSHUDEJINGJICHAOXIEDAOQIQUDUOYANGDERICHANGYINGYONG,WUBUTIXIANNANBEISHUFENGDERONGHE,ZHEIZHONGRONGHESHIJIANLIZAIYINANCHAOSHUFENGWEIZHU、YI“ERWANG”SHUFAWEIZONGDEJICHUZHISHANG,SHUFAQUFADUIXIANG、FANBENXUANZE、SHUTIYINGYONG、FENGGEXINGCHENGZHIYUMEIGESHUSHOULAISHUO,DOUHUIZHESHECHUSHIDAIXINGDEJUTIYINGXIANG。

  

  CONGZITIDEJIAODULAIKAN,TANGDAIXIEBENZITICANRANDABEI,BAOKUOLISHU、KAISHU、XINGSHU、CAOSHU、ZHUANSHUZAINEIDESUOYOUXINGSHI,CIWAIHAIYOUZHUANKAI、LIKAI、LICAODENGZAROUSHUTI。XIEBENZITIDEXUANZE,YINSHUXIEGONGYONG、CHANGHEHEFUWUDUIXIANGDEBUTONGERYOUJIAOWEIMINGXIANDEQUBIE。PIRUGUANXIEBENZITIYAOQIUJIAOWEIYANGE,WENXIANDIANJI、ZONGJIAOJINGWENXIEBENZUOWEI“GUANYANG”HE“DINGBAN”,ZITIDUOYIYU、CHUFENGMAODE“GUANKAI”WEIZHU;ZHENGFUGONGWENYOUQISHIYUZHIGONGWEN,ZEDUOYIHUAIREN《JIWANGSHENGJIAOXU》WEIFANBENDEXINGKAIZITIWEIZHU。MINJIANXIEBENZAIZITIXUANZESHANGJIAOWEIZIYOU,FOJINGXIEBENZHONGGONGYANGJINGYIKAISHUJUDUO,DALIANGDERICHANGYONGJINGYIJIWENXUEXIEBEN、QIJUAN、SHUXINDENGZITIDUOYANG,XINGCAOSHUJUDUO。

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上海快3  SHIDAIDEJIANDINGSHIXIEBENXUEYANJIUDEZHUYAONEIRONGZHIYI,CONGSHUFAJIAODUKAIZHANDEZITI、SHUTI、BIHUA、JIETIDENGYANJIU,YIWEIXIEBENDEZHUIHETIGONGLEZHUYAODEPANDUANYIJU。TANGDAIGUANXIEBENZAIMOUYIJIEDUANNEIDEZITI、YONGBI、JIETIYIJISHENMEIQUWEIFANGMIANXIANXIANCHUDEGONGXING,SHISHUFADEJIEDUANXINGTEZHENGBIJIAOTUXIAN;MINJIANXIEBENZAIFENGGEDEJIEDUANXINGFANGMIANZEBIGUANXIEBENGENGJIAZIYOUHEMOHU。YINCIZHENXUANBUTONGSHIQI、BUTONGSHUTIDEGUANWENSHUZUOWEIQUYANGBIAOZHUN,TIAOXUANJUYOUDAIBIAOXINGDEBIHUAZUOWEIFUHAODANYUAN,ANZHAOSHIJIANXIANHOUJINXINGBIDUIBINGJIANGOUCHUYIXILIEDEMOXING,ZAICIJICHUSHANGJIEHESHUFAFENGGE、ZHIZHANG、WENBENNEIRONGDENGYINSUZUOWEIPANDUANSHIDAIDEBIAOZHUNJIANGGENGJIAHELIHEKEXUE。RUDUNHUANGXIEBEN《YOUPOSAIJIEJING》BEITU083HAO、SI4162HAO、SI4570HAO、FA2276HAOSIXIEBEN,CONGZHIZHANGHESHUFAFENGGESHANGKANYINGSHUYUTONGYIZHONGCHAOBEN。BIHUADUOWEIJIANQIZHONGSHOU,JIETIPIANBIAN,CHENGXIANNONGYUDELIYI,JIEFEISUIDAIXIEJINGSHUFA,YUXIEJINGTIJISUOZAIRENSHOUSINIAN(604NIAN)DESHIJIANMINGXIANBUFU。QIGONGXIANSHENGJIANDINGWEILIUCHAOXIEBEN,YINGWEISHUXIEZHELIYONGJIUYOUXIEJINGDEBUJINGXIUJINGZHIZUO。JINGGUOGAIZHUANGERCHENGYIXIUBUJIUDEXIEJINGLAIZUOGONGDE,ZAIDUNHUANGTANGXIEBENZHONGFEICHANGSHENGXING,ZHEILEIXIEBENJINCONGTIJILAIZUOPANDUAN,NANMIANSHIZHIPIANPO,ERTONGGUOSHUFADEBIMOTEZHENGJINXINGXIAODUIBIKANFEICHANGBIYAO。ZAIRUDUIDUNHUANGCANJUANDEZHUIHEYANJIUZHONG,TONGYINEIRONGDEBUTONGXIEBEN,YEHUIYINSHOUYONGREN、SHUSHOUDENGCHANSHENGZHUDUOCHAYI。RUTANGXIEBENZHONGYOUGURENXIUBUJUANSHOUJINGWENDE《DABANRUOJING》BEIDUN6460HAOA、SI5334HAOAHEBEIDUN6777HAOASANZHI,QIZHONGSI5334HAOAHEBEIDUN6777HAOALIANGZHIBIHUADE“S”XIANTIAO、HENGHUAMODUANSHOUBICHUDESHANGFANSHANGTIAODONGZUO、JIETIDELINGDONGZHIGANJIBENYIZHI,HENKENENGWEITONGYISHUSHOUSUOXIE,ERBEIDUN6460HAOADESHUXIEJIYIHECHENGSHUDUMINGXIANLIEYUHOULIANGZHE,JIETILVEXIANSHENGYINGJUJIN,HENGHUARENGRANSHIJIANQIRUBI,QUESHAOBIANHUA,YUQIANLIANGZHIBINGFEIYIRENSUOSHU。YISHANGTONGGUOJUTIDEBIHUAYIJIBIFATEZHENGDEFENXIYESHIDANGXIAJINXINGZHUIHEYANJIUXUYAOKAOLVDEYINSU。YOURUDUNHUANGXIEBENJIAOYICHUXIANJINGWENZHESUN、QUELUODEXIANXIANG,GUGUANFANGHEMINJIANXIUBUWENSHUSHIHUOZHUANMENMOXIETUOLUOHUOMOSUNDEJINGWEN,HUOGELIEYIPIJINGWENJINXINGXIUBU。YAOQUFENLIANGZHE,SHOUXIANDEYIKAOXIEBENWENZIXIANGHUJIANSHUFENGHESHUJIDEXIZHIBIDUI,RANHOUCONGZHONGLIXUANCHUXIANGYINGLEIXINGDEWENSHUJINXINGZHUIHE,ZAIJINYI208HAOBHESI2257HAOBZHUIHESHI,YINGXIANPAICHUMOXIETUOLUOHUOMOSUNJINGWENDEKENENG,LIYONGSHUFAMOJIDEJINGZHUNBIJIAOKENDINGERZHEZUICHUCHUZITONGYIGEXIEBEN。ZONGZHI,DUIXIEBENDEXINGZHIMIANMAOHEZHIZUOSHUXIEGUOCHENGDEXIANGGUANWENTIJIYUSHUFAJIAODUDEPANDUANSHULIHEJIEDA,SHIXIEBENDUANDAIYIJIJUTIDECANPIANZHUIHEGONGZUOXINGZHIYOUXIAODEFANGFA。

  ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,DUNHUANGTANGDAIXIEBENSHUJIXIANSHICHUSHUSHOUQUNTINEIZAIDEGONGTONGXING、WENDINGXINGHEGETICHAYIXING,ZHEIXIE“YUANSHENGTAI”DEJILUCHAOXIEYIMOJIDEXINGSHIJIAOBEIKEMINGSHIGENGJIAZHIGUANDIFANYINGCHUTANGDAISHUFADEYUANSHENGZHUANGTAIHEANHANDESHIDAIYIWENMAILUO。XUNLIUSUYUAN,SIXIQIJIN,TANGDAISHUSHOUYANJIUYIKEWEIDANGXIASHUFASHIJIAN、SHUFALILUNYIJIXIEBENXUEDENGXIANGGUANYANJIUTIGONGYOUYIQISHI。

  (作者系首都师范大学副教授,本文为国家社科基金项目“唐代实用书迹书写群体研究”〔17BF117〕的阶段性成果)

(编辑:闫若之

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